Thursday, September 01, 2005

Hadith 14


Hadith 14

- The syeikh begin by asking us who is the most influential of all people to us?
- We were asked to read Hadith 14 with ahadith 2 and 8; and find the connection: The pillars – basic arkan of islam

Biography of Abdullah ibnu Mas’ud
- He’s Sahiban Ni’am : used to keep RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam’s sandals
- Also known as Sahibus Siwak
- Owner of the secret: He’s the servant who was there when RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam get dressed.
- When RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam asked ‘who want to read qur’an in the ka’abah?’ He said yes and he was hit badly. He was the first person to read qur’an in public.
- He was reading the qur’an and RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam said ‘that is the way it was revealed’ (Ibnu Abdu).
- He became judge in Kufah
- He passed away in Madinah at Sayyidina Uthman’s time. Sayidina Uthman RadhiyaAllahu ‘anh always gave him money more than his need but when he died, he left his unmarried girls only with Surah Al-Waqi’ah (never fear poverty).

Yahillu is from halal – the blood of muslim is not permitted.
The opposite of halal is haram ie sacred eg Masjidul Haram. The angle made circle around Kaabah when hajarul aswad descended so that jin will not see it. State of sanctity - no evil jinn enter haram. When we go to Haram, we wear ihram.
Haram is because you’re not suppose to get near it eg pig, we respect the law.
Harim - wife / daughter requring protection.
Blood of a muslim is more sacred than haram, not just blood, his whole person, his life.
'La taqtulun naasu illa billati haramaAllahu illa bilhaq' - all human beings are sacred. Allah karrama bani adam.

Ath-thayibu zani
Zani – aldultery
Thayyib – marriage and consumated (inc divorcee)

Nafsu bi nafsi = soul with soul

Tariqu dinihi = leaves islam, breaks of from the group of believers.

Related to Hadith 8 ~ blood protected except when they break the right of islam ie one of these three. Hadith 14 explains hadith 8.

Importance of Lailaha illaLlah – take one into the state of sanctity of muslim blood

The story of Usamah Ibnu Zayid.
- When asked ‘who is the most beloved to you Ya RasuluLlah?’ RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam answered a few names in different occasions including Usamah.
- Khaybar was the first battle he was involved and he was very young at that time. When he round up a group of prisoners, they make fun of him because he didn’t have proper beard. Usamah fought him and when he wanted to kill him, he said syahadah. Usamah killed him. The commander didn’t want anything to do with Usamah. He went back straight to RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam. RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam hugged him and asked about the battle and Usamah told him what had happened. RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam’s face changed and Usamah said ‘he only said that to avoid being killed.’ RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam asked him ‘did you open his heart? Inni bari’un minhu (I do not want anything to do with him). Usamah said ‘I wished I had not said syahadah until that day.’
~ syahadah is the central pillar of islam.

- When some people want to become muslim but do not want to pray, RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam accept their syahadah.

- Syahadah of a person with incorrect intention is still valid.

- Sayidina Mu’az when he was sent to Yemen, RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam adviced him on da’wa:
1) you’re going to Ahlil Kitab – call them to Lailaha illaLlah Muhammadur rasuluLlah. When they have become firm in that, teach them solah.
2) Speak to people according to their intellect
3) Hadith of Jibril

-Do not kill a soul that Allah has made sacred except bil Haq ~ every soul is sacred.
-In the battle of Uhud, they had been instructed not to smite faces because Nabi Adam Alayhi Salam was created by His image (Al-Baihaqi)
Eg the word Allah’s house make it raise in status.

From the haqqul islam, these three people can be kill. Others are not mentioned eg homosexual and jihad. The three people in the hadith is example and that the main aim is to protect soul and society.

-Story of Ghamidiyah:
- a woman came to RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam and asked him to purify her. RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam answered ‘woe to you! Return to Allah.’ She answered ‘But I’ve commited aldultery’. ‘Woe to you – ask Allah to forgive you and return’. Three time she repeated and RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam repeated the same answer. On the fourth time, RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam said ‘stop! Don’t say that again. 4 times is like having four witness. Go away and have your child. After some time, she came back with her child and RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam instructed her to suckle him for 2 years. After 2 years, she came back and an Ansar volunteer to to look after the son. She was stoned to death. RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam became imam of the janazah prayer. Sayidina Umar asked him ‘you stoned her and you lead the prayer?’ RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam answered ‘she made her tawbah and if the tawbah was split among the people of Madina it will be enough for them.’ ( Muslim)
-Story of Al-Maiz whom after 4 time saying he was drunk, RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam asked him wether he’s drunk or insane?
PUNISHMENT NOT DESTROY PEOPLE BUT TO PROTECT SOCIETY
If they didn’t say it 4 times, they’ll go free.
If someone run from punishment, let him go.
- left islam and split with jam'aah. why? damages the society. tarki dinihi = act of kufr, worshipping something else

-Zina – in the qur’an: don’t even get close to La Taqrabu. Getting close is haram.
One who commits zina have punishments 3 in this dunya and 3 in akhirat
1) It takes light from face
2) It leads to poverty (not feeling enough even how rich they are)
3) Shorten their lives
4) Stench from private part in naar
5) Hisab will be very long
6) Allah will not look at them except with the eye of anger.

-Someone came to RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam and asked wether he can commit aldultery (RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam is so approachable). RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam asked wether he would like his mother or sister to commit aldultery and the man stopped.

- The story of Al-Judani, the king who tested hadith. He asked his princess to walk with no face cover. Everyone lower their gaze except one man who came and kiss her. The king made sajadah of syukr because he just made one mistake when he’s youth ie kissing a girl.

- Allahuma tahir qalbi minal nifaq wa hassin farji minal zina.

Above are the intention for studying from Imam Abdullah Al-Haddad (RahimuLlah) translated as: All praise to Allah, Lord of the Worlds. And salutations and greetings upon our master Muhammad and upon his family and companions. I intend to study and teach, take and give a reminder, take and give benefit, take and give advantage, to encourage the holding fast to the book of Allah and the way of his messenger, and calling to guidance and directing towards good hoping for the countenance of Allah and His pleasure, proximity and reward, transcendent is He. (Our thanks to www.deenport.com)

notes:


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- All the notes were just our own paraphrasing while listening to the dars. Any mistakes are ours and please forgive us for that.
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