Monday, March 14, 2011

Feeling your 'Ibadah

Feeling your ibadah - Syeikh Kamaluddin Ahmed (14th of March 2011)

- The purpose of our life is ‘Ibadah: وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ
(51:56), ‘Ibadah or ‘Ubudiyyah means submission.

- The Al-Qur’an stresses the importance of ladies who are ‘zakiraat, Sabiraat, Sadiqaat : إِنَّ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَالْمُسْلِمَاتِ وَالْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَالْقَانِتِينَ وَالْقَانِتَاتِ وَالصَّادِقِينَ وَالصَّادِقَاتِ وَالصَّابِرِينَ وَالصَّابِرَاتِ وَالْخَاشِعِينَ وَالْخَاشِعَاتِ وَالْمُتَصَدِّقِينَ وَالْمُتَصَدِّقَاتِ وَالصَّائِمِينَ وَالصَّائِمَاتِ وَالْحَافِظِينَ فُرُوجَهُمْ وَالْحَافِظَاتِ وَالذَّاكِرِينَ اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا وَالذَّاكِرَاتِ أَعَدَّ اللَّهُ لَهُم مَّغْفِرَةً وَأَجْرًا عَظِيمًا
(33:35)

- The whole purpose of ‘Ibadah is to feel Allah, and if we don’t feel Him then it is a big problem. Because of our Qalb is empty from Allah, we don’t have the love for Him.
- If we enjoy doing ‘Ibadah, we will not be delaying it.
- Allah is feeding us in the worship.

- One practical way to fix our salah is to fix one letter in the salah. By fixing this letter, it will perfect the solah. We have to know the meaning of this letter.
- Al-Qur’an has three parts: wordings (tajweed, qira’ah), meanings (mufasiroon) and feelings. For example, saying Inna Lillahi Wa Inna Ilayhi Rajio’un.. All of us knew the words and the meanings, but we did not have the feelings. This is one of the link to Allah.
- When we prostrate (in Sajda), we said ‘Subhana’: Allah beyond any imagination, …, flawless, …, beyond any hypothetical arguments, … , above and beyond..
Al-A’la : Highest, High Most, Most Exalted ~ we have to feel the lowest at that moment, the lowest most.
Rabbi: Made up of two words, Rabb and the letter ‘Ya’
Rabb - many du’a using the word Rabb. It signifies His Rububiyah, His Tarbiyah, nourishing us, caretaking, His loving, kind and gentle.
The letter ‘Ya’ attached to Rabb = My Rabb

- All the components in solat need to be learn outside solat:
1) know to read Qur’an properly (minimum al-fatiha) with tajweed
2) legal rulings sorrounding solat
3) zikr: وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ لِذِكْرِي
(20: 14) The more we remember Him outside solat, the more we will remember Him in the solat.

- In one summer night, Sayidatina Fatima RadhiyaAllahu ‘anha prayed tahajjud prayer after ‘Isya’. She saw fajar coming and she said “what happened to the night that it is not long enough for two raka’ah of prayer”.
The companions enjoyed solah so much and the syeikh compared it to us enjoying ice-cream.
كُلَّ يَوْمٍ هُوَ فِي شَأْنٍ
(55:29) In means every single day, Allah manifest Himself in different way. Every single day, there is new pleasure in feeling Allah.

- يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ ذِكْرًا كَثِيرًا
(33:41) In Al-Qur’an, the word ‘kathiran’ is just for zikir.

- In Islam, gender equality is in knowledge and spirituality. Two women (as opposed to one man) were needed to be a witness for monetary matter as a protection for woman.
In hadith transmission, which is a real testimony and we based our religion upon it, only one woman transmitting it is enough.

- How do we increase our zikir? Two simple ways to increase zikir from Al-Qur’an:

a) Zikir ‘am: while doing other things, we remember Allah
الَّذِينَ يَذْكُرُونَ اللّهَ قِيَامًا وَقُعُودًا وَعَلَىَ جُنُوبِهِمْ
(3:191) “Men who celebrate the praises of Allah, standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides,”
We can remember Allah while doing daily tasks and while waiting for appointments etc. رِجَالٌ لَّا تُلْهِيهِمْ تِجَارَةٌ وَلَا بَيْعٌ عَن ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ
(24:37) By men whom neither traffic nor merchandise can divert from the Remembrance of Allah,
The zikir uses Qalb, our spiritual heart.
الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ وَتَطْمَئِنُّ قُلُوبُهُم بِذِكْرِ اللّهِ أَلاَ بِذِكْرِ اللّهِ تَطْمَئِنُّ الْقُلُوبُ
(13:28) "Those who believe, and whose hearts find satisfaction in the remembrance of Allah. for without doubt in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find satisfaction.
The example is like a mum saying “O Muhammad, I remembered you the whole day” when talking to her son. She still did all that was required from her, but she remembered the son all the time.
It began by taking three minutes in between doing things.
We should view it as ‘sprinkling our day with doing zikir”. We should try to remember Him in any way.
The second way is to check our heart before doing any activity ‘have you forgotten Allah?’

b) Zikir ‘khas: not along with other activities. We have to cut off from the world and sit down on the prayer mat. We have to think deep inside us:
وَاذْكُر رَّبَّكَ فِي نَفْسِكَ
(7:205) ‘And do thou (O reader!) Bring thy Lord to remembrance in thy (very) soul,...’
Listen to our heart saying Allah
وَاذْكُرِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ
(76:25) And keep in remembrance the name of thy Lord..
We listen to our heart saying Allah just like in the middle of the night we listen to the darkness of the night or in the middle of the ocean, we listen to the silence of the sea.

Tuesday, March 01, 2011

Tafsir of surah Al-Fatiha 1

BISMILILAHI RAHMANI RAHIM

Allahuma salli ‘alaa Muhammadin wa ‘alaa ‘aali Muhammadin, kamaa sallayta ‘alaa ‘Ibraheema wa ‘alaa ‘aali ‘Ibraheema, ‘innaka Hameedun Majeed. Allahumma baarik ‘alaa Muhammadin wa ‘alaa ‘aali Muhammadin, kamaa baarakta ‘alaa ‘Ibraheema wa ‘alaa ‘aali ‘Ibraheema, ‘innaka Hameedun Majeed.


Tafsir Juz Ammah and Fatiha


Adab (manners) of Studying the Quran :

Ask Allah for Iklhas (sincerity)/have the right niyah (intention)
Doing Wudu before reciting Quran
Facing the Qiblah
Use miswak
Say A’oothoubillah minashaytaneer rajeeb before reciting the Quran
And then start with Bismillah Rahmani Raheem
Think about the Ayat and try to understand it
When you hear an Ayat about punishments and people being punished say « A’oothoubillah »
Ask Allah for Jannah when you hear about Jannah. When you hear the words of Allah, depending on what you are hearing, you respond. (this is from the adab)
Can’t hear the Quran while being distracted. Have your heart present and alive because Allah is talking to us. Presence of the heart and have the words of the Quran touch you. (if cant cry act as if you are crying).
Recite Quran in a beautiful voice/tone (decorate Quran with a beautiful voice as if you are decorating it).
Respect the Quran. Do not stop in the middle of the Ayat. No intteruptions. Give your time with the Quran.
Take time with the Quran. Do not rush.
Read in a peaceful and quiet place so this will bring Khushoo (humility) in your heart.
Recite the Ayat 2-3 times, repeat over until Allah guides you to understand it Insha Allah. Read as if it is directed to you and not anyone else.


Benefits of reading the Quran :
It Purifies the heart,
Intercesssion on Day of Judgement,
You will be among the best of mankind
Defeat your shaitan
Recite/Read Quran and follow it
Quran can be a witness for you or against you
Do not envy anyone except in 2 cases : the first is a man that memorize the Quran, meaning Allah has taught him the Quran and recites the Quran day and night



Sayyiduna ibn Mas'ud [radhiallaahu anhu] narrates that Rasulullah [sallallaahu alayhi wasallam] said, 'There are only two people who are worthy of being imitated; a person to whom Allah gives wealth and guides to spend it in that which pleases Allah, and a person to whom Allah gives wisdom, thereafter he passes judgmment according to it and teaches it (to all of mankind).' (Sahih Bukhari Hadith 73; Sahih Muslim 1896)

Allah will elevate you in Dunya and Akhira
Allah will take us from darkness to lightness
It will bring the Angels (around you)
Ten hassanat will be written for each letter
Will be raised up high in Jannah
Allah will protect you from the worst Fitnah (memorize 10 Ayat’s from Surah Kahf it is a protection from the trial of Ad-Dajjal)
Those who know the meaning, those who strive to know Allah will reward them
Quran will be a protector for you (for anything), such as Ayatul Kursi. Allah will protect you from Fitnah.
Those who follow the Quran will have Kiram ( ?)
Quran will protect you from anything (ex : First 10 ayats of Surah Kahf and Ayatul Kursi)
Quran will give you sakinah
Iman will increase

-


Levels of Hajr Quran (leaving the Quran, abandoning the Quran)
Read an Ayat and believe it, do not doubt it. Every Ayat you recite, you should believe.
Read often (We do not want to be from the people who do not read and recite the Quran)
Follow the teachings of the Qur’an
The Quran is our Judge
We want to understand the Quran. Read and understand the tafsir of the Quran.
When we are sick, the great/best medicine is the Quran





Adab Al Quran

We should first have iklhas and good intention before we read the quran. We read only for Allah’s sake.

Reciting Surat Al Ikhlas will give you rewards as if reading the entire quran. Reaching level of ikhlas is first asking Allah Subhanahu wa-ta'ala to give you sincerity – we need to beg and cry for it. Always ask that Allah Subhanahu wa-ta'ala makes us of the ikhlas – allahumma irzikna minal ikhlas fee killee haal.

Always make wudu before tafseer and be seated in a taahir place. Wudu is your weapon against the shaytaan and sins. Die with wudu in order to rise with wudu. Always walk on wudu such as sayyidina Bilal Radianlahu Anhu allahumma irziqnaa min Firdaws al a’alaa. Always walk in purity and cleanliness. Wudu rids one of sins – always make that intention and dua that Allah Subhanahu wa-ta'ala washes away our sins.

Face the Qiblaa when reading Quran.

Use your miswaak before reading. Can you use Allah’s words if you have leftover food between your teeth? Especially garlic and onions. Think about your wedding day everytime you hold the Quraan.

Using the Miswaak is a Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad Salalahu Alaihi Wa Salaam.

Before we recite we should say : A’ootho billahi minal shaytaan al rajeem (Al Nahl:98) then we say Bismillah Al Rahmaan al Raheem.

Thinking and pondering and understanding the Ayat then whatever you understand, you change yourself. Be with the people of the haqq (truth), the muttaqeen (the pious).

Jaheem: one of the names of the Fire. When we hear an Ayah like this we say ‘A’ootho billah’ and make dua Allah Subhanahu wa-ta'ala. protect us from naar jahannam. These Ayat of Allah Subhanahu wa-ta'ala punishment need to make us shake and make us make dua that Allah Subhanahu wa-ta'ala protects us from His Subhanahu wa-ta'ala punishment. And say Allahumma make us amongst the people of Jannah. Whatever you hear from Allah Subhanahu wa-ta'ala words we respond back by saying ‘SubhanAllah’ and Alhamdulillah.

Hearing the Quran without distractions at all – not doing other things at the same time. It should make us cry and shake. When our beloved Rasul Muhammad Salalahu Alaihi Wa Salaam made Ibn Masood read the Quran, Rasululah Muhammad Salalahu Alaihi Wa Salaam couldn’t take it anymore and cried. If you don’t cry, act as if you are crying (Prophet Muhammad Salalahu Alaihu WaSalaam).

When you recite, recite it in a beautiful tone and voice. It is an order from Allah Subhanahu wa-ta'ala in a hadith. Decorate the Quran with your beautiful voices because beautiful voices adds beauty to the Quran (Prophet Muhammad Salalahu Alaihi Wa Salaam). A Sahabah was reading Quran with beautiful voice Prophet Muhammad Salalahu Alaihi Wa Salaam told him he had the voice of Sayyidina Dawood Alaihi Salaam. Recite it in a nice tone to touch your and others hearts.

When reciting, and something comes up in the middle, do not just stop in middle then come back and finish unless emergency. Don’t allow interruptions and make dua for no interruptions. Teach this to kids – no disruptions when reciting. If children disrupt, continue then teach them the adab.

Don’t rush recitation at all. Why are we rushing? This is dunya compared to recitation. We need to read it with understanding. Even in salah don’t rush recitation. Allahumma make us of those who ponder the meanings of the Quran. Ameen. Allahumma remove these locks in our hearts. Ameen. When reciting, find a quiet place without disruptions. Remove all interruptions from eyes and ears to bring khushoo’ (humility) to the heart.

Recite/repeat the ayat several times until Allah Subhanahu wa-ta'ala Guides you to the meaning of it. Remember ayah about what would happen if Allah Subhanahu wa-ta'ala sent down Quran to the mountain. Repeat it until it affects the heart.

Recite Quran as if it was sent down to you – that the messages are to you. Every Ayah is directly sent down to you.

Benefits of Al Quran Al Kareem

Make dua that Allah Subhanahu wa-ta'ala gives us taqwaa. If we teach our hearts adab, we will be successful. The Quran was sent to Jibril Alaihi Salaam then to the Prophet Muhammad Salalahu Alaihi Wa Salaam.

Make dua that Allah Subhanahu wa-ta'ala makes us people of knowledge and adab. Ameen Ya Mujib.

Shaytaan ran away from Sayyidna Umar Radianlahu Anhu because of his toughness. But when he (Umar Radianlahu Anhu) heard the Quraan, he couldn’t control himself and broke down and cried. Abdullah ibn shaddad prayed behind Umar Radianlahu Anhu, in the last line during Fajr, and he used to recite Surat Yusuf – (ashqoo hiznee wa bathe illa allah’ surah) then Umar Radianlahu Anhu repeated this Ayah and he was crying loudly. Sayyidna Umar Radianlahu Anhu cried so much that the last person heard him crying.

Umar Radianlahu Anhu also heard someone in Tahajjud reading Surat At-Toor. Then when he came to that Ayah about torture, Umar Radianlahu Anhu fainted, and was carried back, and then he was sick for a whole month because of one Ayah he heard.

So let’s change ourselves when we hear the Quran, have adab and teach it to others and our kids. Our beloved Rasul, Prophet Muhammad Salalahu Alaihi Wa Salaam had adab and he learnt this from Allah Subhanahu wa-ta'ala from the Quran. The best dhikr (remembrance) is Quran – studying it will give us a sound heart (tama’neenah). If you want a pure heart, have this intention first then recite the Quran.

When reciting, make dua that the Quran and Prophet Muhammad Salalahu Alaihi Wa Salaam will be a shifaa’ah on the Day of Judgement. Try to know the meaning of the Quran.

The best among you are the ones that learn the quran and teach it (Prophet Muhammad Salalahu Alaihi Wa Salaam).

If you want the shaytaan to shrink as small as an ant, recite Al Falaq, An-Naas, Ayatul Kursi, last ayat of Al Baqarah. We need to squash him and make him at the bottom by reciting the Quran.

We learn the Quran through the Sunnah, the Sahabah.

Everyone will benefit from reading the Quran. The one that recites has a good smell and a good taste. Even the munaffiq will benefit. We need to read it AND practice it. What type of people are we and where are we? The Quran could either help you towards Jannah, a light in your grave, make your scale heavy or it could be the opposite leading people to naar if he teaches it, learning it just for showing off (riyya’). Make dua it’s not for riyya’(showing off to others).

If you feel like your misguided recite Surat Al Fatihah (ihdinaa sirat al mustaqeem) several times.

Do not wish for anything but to memorise the Quran like the haafithoon (Prophet Muhammad Salalahu Alaihi Wa Salaam (not in exact words) ). Envy and desire a person who recites the Quran day and night.

Ibn Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah Salalahu Alaihi Wa Salaam) said, "Envy is permitted only in two cases: A man whom Alah gives wealth, and he disposes of it rightfully, and a man to whom Allah gives knowledge which he applies and teaches it.’’· [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Allah Subhanahu wa-ta'ala said to Prophet Muhammad Salalahu Alaihi Wa Salaam in Al Isra: 79, to recite at night as an extra. Our beloved Rasul Salalahu Alaihi Wa Salaam used to recite it so much at night it made his legs swell (as He Salalahu Alaihi Wa Salaam did in prayer)–

Allah Subhanahu wa-ta'ala will take us from darkness to light (Quran Ibrahim:1). Reading the Quran will guide us towards the light, it will bring down the Angels (hadith by Muslim). A man explained to the Prophet Muhammad Salalahu Alaihi Wa Salaam what happened when he read the Quran – the Prophet Muhammad Salalahu Alaihi Wa Salaam said it was the Angels listening to you (Muslim).

Each letter = 10 hasanat (tirmidhi hadith).

In Jannah you will be very high = the people of the Quran. Recite in order to climb higher and higher. (rattil al quranaa tarteela ?)

Allah Subhanahu wa-ta'ala will protect from all fitna – of Massih Ad-Dajjal. This is the time of fitna. Blood on streets, muslims against muslim. Prophet Muhammad Salalahu Alaihi Wa Salaam opposes this in his ummah – this is the fitna he warned us of. When he Salalahu Alaihi Wa Salaam saw two men arguing loud, he Salalahu Alaihi Wa Salaam was shocked because they were doing this in front of him.

Read surat Al Kahf to protect us from the fitna of Ad- Dajjal (fitna of today – memorise the 10 Ayat)

Those who know the meaning of the Quran, practice, follow it and have adab of Quran and struggle with it– Allah Subhanahu wa-ta'ala will reward them double.

Allah Subhanahu wa-ta'ala will protect you, if you feel down, lazy, sick - read the Quran for shifaa.

Recite, know the tafseer and make dua for sakeenah

Make the dua that Allah Subhanahu wa-ta'ala gives you Jannah, shows you His Glorious face and protects your from jahannam. Ameen Ya Rabb.

One’s imaan should increase – i twill make the imaan stronger with more knowledge and recitation. Al Anfaal:2 and Al Furqaan: 32 this Surah talks about increase of imaan.

Quran gives us shifaa and mercy (Rahmah).

Ask Allah Subhanahu wa-ta'ala to cure our hearts from all diseases, shower us with His Mercy, to make us all enter Jannah behind our beloved Rasul Salalahu Alaihi Wa Salaam shoulders and the sahabah, that we be amongst these noble people. Ameen Ya Mujib. That He Allah Subhanahu wa-ta'ala accept our dua, make us have adab. Ameen Ya Mujib.


Levels of hajr Al Quran :

Do not question any Ayah– believe it.

Don’t be of those who d not recite or listen to the Quran – this should be our lives

Practice what you learn and read in the Quran

The Quran is our judge

Reading – we need to understand tafseer and meaning

Make dua for taqwaa through the Quran – when you recite you will understand Allah Subhanahu wa-ta'ala message

The medicine is (The Quran) when we are sick


Summary once again :

1) Ikhlas
2) wudhu
3) facing Qibla
4) miswak
5) Say A’oothoubillah minashaytaneer rajeeb before reciting the Quran
6) Basmala
7) think and try to practise
8) say istiadza (A’oothoubillah) when reading about punishment and say Allahumma j’alna minhum when reading about Jannah - respond to Ayaat
9) istihdaril qalb (presence of the heart) that make you cry but if youu can’t cry, act as if you crying
10) recite in beautiful voice
11) do not stop in the middle of Ayaat
12) do not rush
13) find somewhere quite and no distraction in front of eyes
14) repeat words a few times until the meaning gets in your heart
15) Recite and feel every Ayah as if it is meant for you, be it good or bad
16) cover your hair

Study Qur’an
1- tatma’ina qulub (rest/peace in the heart)
2- syafa’a (intercession) in Day of Judgement
3- Will be among the best
4- find all the answers in Qur’an and defeat syaitan
5- smell of misk, even munafiq smell like rihana (a plant that produce nice smell but rotten)
6- special group
7- The Quran can be a witness for or against you
8 - beg for Allah using His ayaat
9- (la hasd illa) no envy except for two.. someone who Allah teaches Qur’an and recites it day and night
10- elevation in this world and the next
11- take from zulm to noor (darkness to light)
12 - brings angels
13. every letter has 10 hasanah
14, high level in jannah
15, protect from fitnah especially from dajjal
16. maqam bil kiram albararah (A place with Al-Kiram - kiram is Saidatina Fatimah and Sayidina Ali RadhiyaAllahu ‘anhuma and al-bararah means those who do goodness) in the Day of Judgemnet
17. protection and sakinah (tranquility)
18. make our iman stronger
29. syifa and rahmah (healing and mercy)

Levels of Hajr Quran (leaving the Quran, abandoning the Quran)
Read an Ayat and believe it, do not doubt it. Every Ayat you recite, you should believe.
Read often (We do not want to be from the people who do not read and recite the Quran)
Follow the teachings of the Qur’an
The Quran is our Judge
We want to understand the Quran. Read and understand the tafsir of the Quran.
When we are sick, the great/best medicine is the Quran

Above are the intention for studying from Imam Abdullah Al-Haddad (RahimuLlah) translated as: All praise to Allah, Lord of the Worlds. And salutations and greetings upon our master Muhammad and upon his family and companions. I intend to study and teach, take and give a reminder, take and give benefit, take and give advantage, to encourage the holding fast to the book of Allah and the way of his messenger, and calling to guidance and directing towards good hoping for the countenance of Allah and His pleasure, proximity and reward, transcendent is He. (Our thanks to www.deenport.com)

notes:


-You can search the blog by clicking on the top left corner of the page.
- All the notes were just our own paraphrasing while listening to the dars. Any mistakes are ours and please forgive us for that.
-Last but not least, please make du'a for us, for our dunya wal akhirat.