Wednesday, August 10, 2005

adab

Adab (Birmingham Traditional Halaqah 2005)

- Niat
- Abu Ruqayah (Tamim Ad-Dari) :
o he was a very devout Christian who spend all night in ibadah.
o He came to Madinah with candles (at that time, they don’t really need lights because lights come out from their fingers.) He walked into the masjid, RasuluLLah sallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam make du’a ‘May Allah illuminate you. If I have an unmarried daughter, I’ll marry her to you.’ A sahabi stand up ‘I have a daughter, I’ll marry her to him.’ (He was very poor!) He hasn’t embrace Islam yet but he embraced Islam straightaway.
He had 2 set of clothes. One in which he put it at night.
He prayed all night and sometimes finishes the whole qur’an. Sometimes, he just recite one ayah for the whole night. He’ll cry and go to the masjid crying.
Only 18 ahadith were narrated by him.
For every solah, he made du’a against dajjal.
He died at 40 A.H. after the death of Sayidina Utman Ibnu Affan.
He left to Syam to stay away from fitnah and was buried there.

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On the authority of Tamim Al-Dari that the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam, said:
"Religion is nasihah." We said: "To whom?" The Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam, said: "To Allah and His Book, and His messenger, and to the leaders of the Muslims and their common folk."
Nasihah is a purifying process for honey; also means to embroid – embroidery.
Nasihah to a person means to give him exactly what’s required at the situation.

Adab = respect; manners (including parking at its correct place)

LilLah
-Allah loves is compulsory for those:
1) love and hate for Allah (we love the non-believer because they can become muslim)
2) visit each other because of Allah
3) those who spend for Allah’s sake
4) those who sit together for Allah’s sake

Likitabihi
- all the rights of Qur’an

Adab
- adib means literate person and the most adib is RasuluLLah sallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam, in his amount and manners. When he speaks, sometime he repeat, he face towards people and sometime he moved his hands.

Adab to Allah
- in walking, with every right steps have hope in Allah and with every left step have fear in Allah.
- To call him: do’a; if we need – we need Allah eg in Surah Al-A’raf OdAAoo rabbakum tadarruAAan wakhufyatan innahu la yuhibbu almuAAtadeena
7:55 Call on your Lord with humility and in private: for Allah loveth not those who trespass beyond bounds
- Adab in supplication
o Do’a out of the house BismilLah Amantu BilLahi tawakaltu ‘alaLlah wa la hawla wa la quwwata illa BilLah
o Allah is shy ie He leaves something behind and doesn’t want to do something eg He doesn’t want to punish someone who is 70 years or older because they spend so many years serving Him
o Du’a will be answered by Allah
§ Straight away
§ Or He’ll avert bala’
§ Or He’ll give something better in akhirah.
Habib Ali Al-Habsyi said that if a thing in du’a is delayed, maybe the delay is what you want.
o When you ask something, ask with lutf wal afiah wa salahi aqibah (Imam Al-haddad) Lutf means subtle kind of gentleness. Afiah is well-being eg Sayidina Urwah radiyaLlahu ‘anh whose leg have been chopped while he’s praying.. Salahi aqibah means what follows after ie the consequence of life in akhirah.
o Du’a should be made in the time of shiddah and good time. “be aware of Allah in good state and He’ll remember you in bad state”.
o Allah is angry when we didn’t make du’a
o Don’t make du’a against anyone because you’ll give them victory (Hadith). Eg if the government is your enemy, even if you’re oppressed, you’re closer to Allah.
o There’s a particular angle who’s particular job is to make du’a for those who make du’a for someone else (du’a fi zahril gharib).. amen, and for him as well.

- Etiquette with the qur’an (Kitab at-tibyan) as zikir and improve tawheed
1) Ikhlas
Bring in the heart that you’re speaking to Allah and remember that Allah can see you.
2) Clean the mouth with siwak (sunnah: more than 4 fingers and less than a span length of the miswak, better wet, hold with 2 fingers at the bottom and three on top and do a figure of 8 three times.) With the intention to follow the sunnah and the command of RasuluLLah sallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam, to clean your mouth to read the word of Allah, to purify the smell of mouth, to whiten your teeth and cleanliness.
3) Have wudhu
4) Chose appropriate place eg in masjid (place of prostration). If you’re on the road, the level of concentration is less as we have to observe the adab of tariq first. (there’s 2 type of salawat; 1 with concentration where we’ll receive salaam back from RasuluLLah sallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam and 2 if no concentration, angle will deliver it.)
5) Sitting with adab and facing the qiblah (RasuluLLah sallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam lied his head on Sayidatina Aishah’s lap while reciting)
6) audzubilLah
7) basmallah
8) humility and pondering
9) repeating of verse – Abu Ruqayah ad-dahri can read one verse for the whole night
10) weeping – as witness, or try to cry, or cry if you’re not crying as your heart is too hard – so great calamities

Intention:
- Himma: if … for eg a man of Banu Israel wished that he had a mountain of gold so that he can give sadaqah. Allah gave busyra through ther prophet.
- Azzam:
- Hajiz: concern
Habib Abdullah AL-Haddad said that intention can be either good (ukhrawi) or fasad
According to Imam Nawawi, the reason for intention can be
1) to get reward – like a businessman
2) scared, out of fear
3) shy and love: this is the highest level.

Adab with RasuluLLah sallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam (Ashshifa of Qadi Iyad – Maliki)
- think about our relationship with him. Nabi Adam Alayhi al-Salaam was called Abu Muhammad
1) believe in him
2) obey him – “ati’uLlah wa at’ur rasool”
3) follow the sunnah outwardly and inwardly – ibadah and adaah, always begin with basmalah, do not do anything unless you knw how to do it. Eg dab of getting dress, right first with the intention of covering awrah ‘Allahummas tur ‘awrati’
4) obligation to give salawat. ‘Salawat is the only thing promised acceptance by Allah’ (Ibnu Hajar)

Adab li aimatil muslimin
- to obey them

Adab towards masyaikh – from the book of mourid (Adab solloukul murid),
-mourid is the one who wants jannah;
-a person is not a mourid unless he finds in the qur’an what he wishes for ie find the pleasure in qur’an
- he know the different between increase and decrease, if he decrease, he pick himself straight away
- he doesn’t need the servant of Allah
- for him gold and dust are the same
- he observe the limit, keep promise and content when deprive
- he search for a syeikh and not surrender himself until he found someone who can fit the description of syeikh and accept him whole-heartedly
(the description of syeikh:)
1) follow the sunnah and syariah
2) istiqamah in hal (state)
3) heart gathers on him and firm
- if you don’t find a syaikh, concentrate on holding fast in pleasing Allah.
- Sometimes the syeikh took care of the student without the student knew about it eg Syeikh Abu Bakar Bin Salim who took care of his student in Morocco and the other one: Syeikh of Kurdi who settled in Mekah with his wife. He took some time off from his wife and went to Inad where he met Syeikh Abu Bakar Bin Salim. He knew that Al-Kurdi’s wife was fine and he taught her how to treat his wife…
- Adaab with syeikh: have adab with Allah

Seerah

Seerah (Birmingham Traditional Halaqah 2005)
Ibnu Hisyam

- Urwah bin Zubair: grew up at the house of Sayidatina A’isyah RadhiyaAllahu ‘anha. He read one quarter of qur’an in a day and a quarter of qur’an at night. He have khatam every 4 days on the day and every 4 days for the night.
- Muhammad ibnu Abdullah ibnu Abdul Mutalib ibnu Hasyim ibnu Abdil Manaf ibnu Qusayy ibnu Qilab (Hakim) ibnu Murrah ibnu Ka’ab ibnu Lu’ayy ibnu Ghalib ibnu Fikhr ibnu Malik ibnu Nadar ibnu Khuzaymah ibnu Kinanah ibnu Mudrika ibnu Ilyas ibnu Mudar ibnu Nizar ibnu Ma’ad ibnu ‘Adnan… ibnu Ismail ibnu Ibrahim… ibnu Syish ibnu Adam.
- Sayidina Adnan: is the 22nd grandfather of RasuluLLah sallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam and he’s the grandfather of Arab.
- Ibnu Abbas said 30 until Nabi Ibrahim Alayhi Al-Salaam.
- Ma’ad: Mujahid against transgression of Bani Israil
- Nizar: Little, they notice there was a little light when he was born.
- Mudhar: (Milk become thick) Whoever saw him will have his heart changed from his excellence and beauty.
‘Whoever sow evil, will reap regret’
‘The best of goodness is the one which is quick’
- Ilyas: (despair) he’s the only son of Mudar
- Mudrika: have the light in his face; nice voice
- Khuzayma: from khazama which mean string of pearl to tie on camel using earings
- Kinanah: the one expected to guide to the right way.
‘The time has come for a nabi to come to Makkah, if you follow him you’ll be increase in honour’
- Nadhar: extremely red
- Malik: only son; king of tribe
- Fikhr: Quraysh. Always feed people
- Ghalib: born orphan
- Lu’ayy
- Ka’ab: first person to use amma ba’du in speech
- Murrah:
- Kilab: use to go to hill and feed wild dogs – famous for feeding animals (character of Sayidina Hamzah)
- Qusayy: zaid / Yazid – handsome, majestic, light in his face, intelligent. He grew up in Syria with his stepfather. He was teased and his mother comforted him. He was called mujama’ ie he gathered all quraish in Makkah by his good character. He had many sons include Abdul Dar and Abdil Manaf (who fight after that)
- Abdul Manaf: Qamar Batkha (moon of the town). He had so much light in his face and he called people to taqwa and silatur rahim
- Hasyim: (to break bread) In famine, he went to Syria and came back, cooked a soup and put bread in the soup for everyone. He was the first person to go to Syria yearly and bought things from Yemen and sold it in Syria (Rihlatul syita was saif)
- Abdul Mutalib: Syaibatul Hamd (Grey hair but thanking Allah (Sayidina Ibrahim Alayhi Salaam was the first one who had grey hair as an honour (waqar) from Allah). He lived long 140 years but he never drink wine. He went to mountain to feed birds. His mother name is Salma.
- Abdullah: Qutayla (Waraqah’s sister) knew there’s light of nubuwwah on his face.

Seerah means suluk or path, travel, live and follow

‘Khiyar quraish, khiyarun naas, shirarun quraish, khairu shirarun naas’ (the best of the best and the worst is the best of the worst)

-Syeikh told us two stories and asked us to find
a) lesson from the stories
b) connection from the two stories
1) Quraish have 4 kids: Abdul Dar, Abdul, Abdul Uzza and Abdul Manaf. Khuzaah, the chief in Mekkah became weak, he called his step-brother from Syria to Mekkah to lead the people. Qusayy came and he went to sort the people who make bid’ah. They don’t allow people to go out unless they’ve given permission to do so. Khuzaah was threatened. Qusayy built a house called Darul Nadwah and it was the first in Makkah. It was a place for people to gather and talk. He brought lots of tribes into the city. When he died, he asked Abu Dar to lead. Abdul Manaf was cleverer, more beautiful and have the light than Abu Dar. Both of them died. Abdul Dar’s kids were not the best people in the tribe. Abdul Manaf’s kids decided to take over the power. They brought a bowl of perfume to Kaabah and said whoever placed their hands in the perfume, they’re amongst them and then they caress the stone (The Mutayyibin). Abdul Dar’s children came with a bowl of blood. They have decided to kill each other and after discussion, they decided to split power. This was the first written agreement in Arab.
2) There was a merchant from Yemen who sold something to a person from Bani Salim who refused to pay the correct price. The mutayyibin said they’ll protect the merchant and they made an agreement to protect the merchant. RasuluLLah sallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam with Abu Talib and Abu Bakar RadhiyaAllahu ‘anhum was there too. ‘This is a blessed agreement, if I have to do it again, I will.”
Lessons from the stories:
- agreement brings unity. It is very important to honour contract.
- ‘Hikmah is a lost property of Muslims’ (Hadith)
- Mutayyibin: close to RasuluLLah sallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam. Da’wa start with the people nearest to you.
Connection to stories
-to Hudaibiyah: roots of medina established.

In the year of elephant, Abdul Mutalib married with a girl called Halah from Banu Zuhrah and he married Abdullah to Amina on the same day.

Mu’jizat Nabi SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam when he was born:
- he raised his head and pointed his right finger.
- Nur emanates from him to rights and left
- There’s a voice saying ‘rahimukumulLah’ when he sneezed
- Persian fire went off
- All the idols in Kaabah felt on their faces
- Byzantine palace quake and verandah felt
- Lake in Syam overflowed

Monday, August 01, 2005

Hadith 13


Hadith 13

“La Yu’minu ahadukum hatta yuhibbu li akhihi ma yuhibbu linafishi”
(Rawah Bukhari & Muslim)

Biography of Anas Bin Malik RadhiyaAllahu ‘anh
-His mother is Ummu Sulaim RadhiyaAllahu ‘anha, amongst the first woman from Madinah Al-munawarah that embraced Islam in the hand of Mus’ab Ibnu Umair RadhiyaAllahu ‘anh. She became muslim and her husband didn’t embrace Islam, and to his annoyance the mother taught his son. He left the house and was killed on the street – Sayidina Anas RadhiyaAllahu ‘anh became orphan.
His mother then married to Abu Talhah with the mahar of him becoming muslim. Ummu Sulaim gave Anas (10 years old) RadhiyaAllahu ‘anhum to RasuluLLah sallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam as a servant until he SalaLlahu ‘alaihi wa alihi wassalam died (10 years after hijrah).
-RasuluLLah sallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam was never discontent with him, not even a single harsh word addressed to him RadhiyaAllahu ‘anh.
- When Ummu Sulaim RadhiyaAllahu ‘anha brought him to RasuluLLah sallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam, he made a du’a “O Allah! Increase his wealth and walad and make his life long and forgive his sin” ~ He have 125 children when he died in which 123 were boys. He died on 93 A.H. when he was 103 years old. He was the last companion that died. He passed away in Basra and before he died he put RasuluLLah sallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam’s hair in his tongue and be buried with it.
- Advice Nabi sallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam to him:
‘Shall I give you three beneficial things?’ ‘By mother, by my father, tell me Ya RasuluLlah.’ ‘When you meet someone of my nation, give salaam, your life will be long; when you enter house, give salam; and pray the solat Dhuha, it is the solat of returning to God’. (Shuffling your feet before entering house is also sunnah).
- He narrated 1028 ahadith.

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Iman: 6 pillars
We reach imaan by islam ~ it takes action to reach realization
‘la yu’minu’ – total iman : iman not complete.
Eg ‘When an adulterer commits adultery, then he is not a believer at the time he is doing it, and when a drinker of wine drinks it, then he is not a believer at the time of drinking it, and when a thief steals, then he is not a believer at the time of stealing, and when a robber robs, and the people look at him, then he is not a believer at the time of doing robbery.’ (Sahih Bukhari) ie he’s a muslim without iman at the moment he commits zina – until he make tawbah.
- One of the sahabah said iman is like qamis – you put it on, you pull it off.
- Ibnu Abbas RadhiyaAllahu ‘anh said the light of iman have been taken from him

-You love for your brother what you love for yourself.
-define by shari’ah
- everything that’s beneficial

- brother: akhi have 2 different meanings
1) grammatical reason: ‘innamal mu’minuna ikhwatun’. Ikhwan: share the same blood
2) ‘yuhibbu linaas’ different rawah.

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Istinbat:
1) I don’t want to be better than you. Never looking down to anybody.
‘We reserve the abode of the Hereafter for those who do not seek exaltation on earth, nor corruption. The ultimate victory belongs to the righteous.’ (Al-Qasas 28:83)
2) Ummah as one body – be connected
3) Define relationship of non-muslim with us. You want them to be muslim. Compassion and passion for them.
4) Characteristic: how we deal with our brothers. People of Madinah have affection that they want to give everything to muhajireen.
A guest came to RasuluLLah sallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam and he’s very hungry. RasuluLLah sallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam tried to find food in every wife’s house but there’s no food. He brought his guest to the masjid but no one have food. One of the companion went back home and found that they have a little food, so he invited the guest and when the guest came, they blew their candle off so that the guest couldn’t see that they’re not eating..
In the battle of Yarmouk, some companions were dying and they’re thirsty. But when they heard other people requested drink, they asked for others to be given drink first.. and it goes round to the first person who asked but he had passed away.

Above are the intention for studying from Imam Abdullah Al-Haddad (RahimuLlah) translated as: All praise to Allah, Lord of the Worlds. And salutations and greetings upon our master Muhammad and upon his family and companions. I intend to study and teach, take and give a reminder, take and give benefit, take and give advantage, to encourage the holding fast to the book of Allah and the way of his messenger, and calling to guidance and directing towards good hoping for the countenance of Allah and His pleasure, proximity and reward, transcendent is He. (Our thanks to www.deenport.com)

notes:


-You can search the blog by clicking on the top left corner of the page.
- All the notes were just our own paraphrasing while listening to the dars. Any mistakes are ours and please forgive us for that.
-Last but not least, please make du'a for us, for our dunya wal akhirat.