Wednesday, August 10, 2005


Adab (Birmingham Traditional Halaqah 2005)

- Niat
- Abu Ruqayah (Tamim Ad-Dari) :
o he was a very devout Christian who spend all night in ibadah.
o He came to Madinah with candles (at that time, they don’t really need lights because lights come out from their fingers.) He walked into the masjid, RasuluLLah sallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam make du’a ‘May Allah illuminate you. If I have an unmarried daughter, I’ll marry her to you.’ A sahabi stand up ‘I have a daughter, I’ll marry her to him.’ (He was very poor!) He hasn’t embrace Islam yet but he embraced Islam straightaway.
He had 2 set of clothes. One in which he put it at night.
He prayed all night and sometimes finishes the whole qur’an. Sometimes, he just recite one ayah for the whole night. He’ll cry and go to the masjid crying.
Only 18 ahadith were narrated by him.
For every solah, he made du’a against dajjal.
He died at 40 A.H. after the death of Sayidina Utman Ibnu Affan.
He left to Syam to stay away from fitnah and was buried there.


On the authority of Tamim Al-Dari that the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam, said:
"Religion is nasihah." We said: "To whom?" The Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam, said: "To Allah and His Book, and His messenger, and to the leaders of the Muslims and their common folk."
Nasihah is a purifying process for honey; also means to embroid – embroidery.
Nasihah to a person means to give him exactly what’s required at the situation.

Adab = respect; manners (including parking at its correct place)

-Allah loves is compulsory for those:
1) love and hate for Allah (we love the non-believer because they can become muslim)
2) visit each other because of Allah
3) those who spend for Allah’s sake
4) those who sit together for Allah’s sake

- all the rights of Qur’an

- adib means literate person and the most adib is RasuluLLah sallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam, in his amount and manners. When he speaks, sometime he repeat, he face towards people and sometime he moved his hands.

Adab to Allah
- in walking, with every right steps have hope in Allah and with every left step have fear in Allah.
- To call him: do’a; if we need – we need Allah eg in Surah Al-A’raf OdAAoo rabbakum tadarruAAan wakhufyatan innahu la yuhibbu almuAAtadeena
7:55 Call on your Lord with humility and in private: for Allah loveth not those who trespass beyond bounds
- Adab in supplication
o Do’a out of the house BismilLah Amantu BilLahi tawakaltu ‘alaLlah wa la hawla wa la quwwata illa BilLah
o Allah is shy ie He leaves something behind and doesn’t want to do something eg He doesn’t want to punish someone who is 70 years or older because they spend so many years serving Him
o Du’a will be answered by Allah
§ Straight away
§ Or He’ll avert bala’
§ Or He’ll give something better in akhirah.
Habib Ali Al-Habsyi said that if a thing in du’a is delayed, maybe the delay is what you want.
o When you ask something, ask with lutf wal afiah wa salahi aqibah (Imam Al-haddad) Lutf means subtle kind of gentleness. Afiah is well-being eg Sayidina Urwah radiyaLlahu ‘anh whose leg have been chopped while he’s praying.. Salahi aqibah means what follows after ie the consequence of life in akhirah.
o Du’a should be made in the time of shiddah and good time. “be aware of Allah in good state and He’ll remember you in bad state”.
o Allah is angry when we didn’t make du’a
o Don’t make du’a against anyone because you’ll give them victory (Hadith). Eg if the government is your enemy, even if you’re oppressed, you’re closer to Allah.
o There’s a particular angle who’s particular job is to make du’a for those who make du’a for someone else (du’a fi zahril gharib).. amen, and for him as well.

- Etiquette with the qur’an (Kitab at-tibyan) as zikir and improve tawheed
1) Ikhlas
Bring in the heart that you’re speaking to Allah and remember that Allah can see you.
2) Clean the mouth with siwak (sunnah: more than 4 fingers and less than a span length of the miswak, better wet, hold with 2 fingers at the bottom and three on top and do a figure of 8 three times.) With the intention to follow the sunnah and the command of RasuluLLah sallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam, to clean your mouth to read the word of Allah, to purify the smell of mouth, to whiten your teeth and cleanliness.
3) Have wudhu
4) Chose appropriate place eg in masjid (place of prostration). If you’re on the road, the level of concentration is less as we have to observe the adab of tariq first. (there’s 2 type of salawat; 1 with concentration where we’ll receive salaam back from RasuluLLah sallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam and 2 if no concentration, angle will deliver it.)
5) Sitting with adab and facing the qiblah (RasuluLLah sallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam lied his head on Sayidatina Aishah’s lap while reciting)
6) audzubilLah
7) basmallah
8) humility and pondering
9) repeating of verse – Abu Ruqayah ad-dahri can read one verse for the whole night
10) weeping – as witness, or try to cry, or cry if you’re not crying as your heart is too hard – so great calamities

- Himma: if … for eg a man of Banu Israel wished that he had a mountain of gold so that he can give sadaqah. Allah gave busyra through ther prophet.
- Azzam:
- Hajiz: concern
Habib Abdullah AL-Haddad said that intention can be either good (ukhrawi) or fasad
According to Imam Nawawi, the reason for intention can be
1) to get reward – like a businessman
2) scared, out of fear
3) shy and love: this is the highest level.

Adab with RasuluLLah sallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam (Ashshifa of Qadi Iyad – Maliki)
- think about our relationship with him. Nabi Adam Alayhi al-Salaam was called Abu Muhammad
1) believe in him
2) obey him – “ati’uLlah wa at’ur rasool”
3) follow the sunnah outwardly and inwardly – ibadah and adaah, always begin with basmalah, do not do anything unless you knw how to do it. Eg dab of getting dress, right first with the intention of covering awrah ‘Allahummas tur ‘awrati’
4) obligation to give salawat. ‘Salawat is the only thing promised acceptance by Allah’ (Ibnu Hajar)

Adab li aimatil muslimin
- to obey them

Adab towards masyaikh – from the book of mourid (Adab solloukul murid),
-mourid is the one who wants jannah;
-a person is not a mourid unless he finds in the qur’an what he wishes for ie find the pleasure in qur’an
- he know the different between increase and decrease, if he decrease, he pick himself straight away
- he doesn’t need the servant of Allah
- for him gold and dust are the same
- he observe the limit, keep promise and content when deprive
- he search for a syeikh and not surrender himself until he found someone who can fit the description of syeikh and accept him whole-heartedly
(the description of syeikh:)
1) follow the sunnah and syariah
2) istiqamah in hal (state)
3) heart gathers on him and firm
- if you don’t find a syaikh, concentrate on holding fast in pleasing Allah.
- Sometimes the syeikh took care of the student without the student knew about it eg Syeikh Abu Bakar Bin Salim who took care of his student in Morocco and the other one: Syeikh of Kurdi who settled in Mekah with his wife. He took some time off from his wife and went to Inad where he met Syeikh Abu Bakar Bin Salim. He knew that Al-Kurdi’s wife was fine and he taught her how to treat his wife…
- Adaab with syeikh: have adab with Allah

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Above are the intention for studying from Imam Abdullah Al-Haddad (RahimuLlah) translated as: All praise to Allah, Lord of the Worlds. And salutations and greetings upon our master Muhammad and upon his family and companions. I intend to study and teach, take and give a reminder, take and give benefit, take and give advantage, to encourage the holding fast to the book of Allah and the way of his messenger, and calling to guidance and directing towards good hoping for the countenance of Allah and His pleasure, proximity and reward, transcendent is He. (Our thanks to


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- All the notes were just our own paraphrasing while listening to the dars. Any mistakes are ours and please forgive us for that.
-Last but not least, please make du'a for us, for our dunya wal akhirat.