Sunday, August 24, 2008

hadith 41 Of Imam Nawawi


From the authority of Abu Muhammad Abdullah bin Amr Bin AlAas (radhi Allahu anhu).

Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam had said" None of you (truly) believe until his inclination is in accordance with what I have brought"

About the narrator of the hadith:

Born and named AlAas after his grandfather and his name meant disobedience.
His named was changed by Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam to Abdullah.
He is exceptionally intelligent.He was one of the companions who could read and write and he was the only companion that was allowed to write ahadith.
He studied the Injil (bible ) and Taurat (Torah)
His father was also a companion Amr bin AlAas who brought Islam to Egypt.
The age difference between them was only 12 years old, i.e. Amr bin Al Aas married early.

At year 7 Hijrah, Abdullah bin Amr went to Madinah and embraced Islam.
Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam paid a lot of attention to him and taught him AlQuran. He memorised the AlQuran very early in his life and also the whole text from other books.
According to Ahmad bin Hambal, Abdullah dreamt that he held the moon and the sun. He enquired to Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam who told him that it represented the AlQuran and the Injil and Taurah and told not to drop them. (Some scholars said this was fabricated evidence).
He was allowed by Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam at his enquiry to write down what Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam said in all circumstances and therefore he had very earlier on wrote down the hadith.

Abu Hurairah narrated 5,874 hadith while Abdullah bin Amr narrated 700 hadith.
Yet Abu Hurairah had said that no one knew more hadith than me except Abdullah bin Amr.
Why was this is despite the differences in number of narrations?
1. Abdullah bin Amr wrote down the hadith
2. Abdullah bin Amr taught in Egypt which was not centre of knowledge while Abu Hurairah was in Madinah and had the company of the likes of Saydatina Aishah Radhi Allahu anha. Hence Abu Hurairah could exceed in the number narrated and transmitted to the later generation.

He understood the quoted hadith number 40 too well.
He took very little of the world
He used to fast for many days without breaking and was adviced against that by Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam.Some days he would fast continuously for a whole week.

His father was concerned about his lack of inclination for any worldly matter married him to an honorable woman. Many days later he asked the bride about his son and she replied that she had married a very good and honorable man but he never knew where the bed was.

Amr bin AlAas then went to complain about his son to Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam.
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Amr bin Al-'As: Allah's Apostle said to me, "O 'Abdullah! Have I not been informed that you fast during the day and offer prayers all the night." 'Abdullah replied, "Yes, O Allah's Apostle!" The Prophet said, "Don't do that; fast for few days and then give it up for few days, offer prayers and also sleep at night, as your body has a right on you, and your wife has a right on you, and your guest has a right on you. And it is sufficient for you to fast three days in a month, as the reward of a good deed is multiplied ten times, so it will be like fasting throughout the year." I insisted (on fasting) and so I was given a hard instruction. I said, "O Allah's Apostle! I have power." The Prophet said, "fast like the fasting of the Prophet David and do not fast more than that." I said, "How was the fasting of the Prophet of Allah, David?" He said, "Half of the year," (i.e. he used to fast on every alternate day). Afterwards when 'Abdullah became old, he used to say, "It would have been better for me if I had accepted the permission of the Prophet (which he gave me i.e. to fast only three days a month)." (Sahih Bukhari Book #31, Hadith #196)

He used to loved reading the AlQuran so much and read the Alquran from beginning to end .

Narrated 'Abdullah bin Amr bin Al-As: My father got me married to a lady of a noble family, and often used to ask my wife about me, and she used to reply, "What a wonderful man he is! He never comes to my bed, nor has he approached me since he married me." When this state continued for a long period, my father told the story to the Prophet who said to my father, "Let me meet him." Then I met him and he asked me, "How do you fast?" I replied, "I fast daily," He asked, "How long does it take you to finish the recitation of the whole quran?" I replied, "I finish it every night." On that he said, "Fast for three days every month and recite the Qur'an (and finish it) in one month." I said, "But I have power to do more than that." He said, "Then fast for three days per week." I said, "I have the power to do more than that." He said, "Therefore, fast the most superior type of fasting, (that is, the fasting of (prophet) David who used to fast every alternate day; and finish the recitation of the whole Qur'an In seven days." I wish I had accepted the permission of Allah's Apostle as I have become a weak old man. It is said that 'Abdullah used to recite one-seventh of the Qur'an during the day-time to some of his family members, for he used to check his memorization of what he would recite at night during the daytime so that it would be easier for him to read at night. And whenever he wanted to gain some strength, he used to give up fasting for some days and count those days to fast for a similar period, for he disliked to leave those things which he used to do during the lifetime of the Prophet. (Sahih Bukhari Book #61, Hadith #572)

He was present in battle of Siffin but he said he never threw a stone nor an arrow.
When asked why, he said that his father asked him to go to the battle and he obeyed. He was not asked to fight in the battle and he never had any interest for politics.

After his father's death, he went to Syria/Madinah.
There are many narrations as to where his grave is.
Some said he died in Madinah, others said Makkah, others said Taif, while other opinions were Egypt and Syria, hence there are 5 places which is linked to his burial ground.

In the hadith, Hawa means heart at peace and prefers

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