Shaykh Syed Muhammad bin Yahya Alhusainy Anninowy
Seerah of Sayyidina Ali and Saydatina Fatimah Alaihi Salam
Birmingham 2009 (17th rejab 1430)
Shaykh started the talk with asking us to increase solah and salam on the Prophet Sallalahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam and smile.
We were to open our souls so that Shaykh talked to our souls and then to open our hearts as we are talking about the dearest and the nearest and the Purified, the continuation of the Best of Creation Sallalahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam
Rough meaning as translated by the Shaykh;
………………Allah wishes only to remove any impurities from you, O members of the family (of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم), and to purify you indeed .
( سورة الأحزاب , Al-Ahzab, Chapter #33, Verse #33)
Hadith as narrated by Ahmad tabarani with authentic isnad
From Umar , Radhi Allahu anhu , son of Ummu Salamah (Umar was raised by the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam. “When this ayat was revealed at baiti Ummu Salamah Radhi Allahu Anha, Umar says that Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam called Fatimah , Alhasan and Alhusayn. He covered them with a sheet. Saydina Ali Karamallahu wajhah stood behind his bacl and he covered him with the sheet.
“Oh Allah these are the ahlul bayti, purify them and remove any impurities” Ummu Salamah asked can I come and be covered? “You stay where you are and you are deemed to be good”.
Alshaykh found it difficult to talk about Saydatina Fatimah Alaihi salam although this was the request as Saydina Ali Karamallahu wajhah was much discussed by the speaker before this.
A description by a poet
“When her Nur appear, you cannot compare to the sun and the moon
AzZahra from her Nur the entire universe illuminated
She combined all the Qualities of The Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam
If not because of her (?didnt get this word) , she is a copy of the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam “
Fatimah the shining star, kauthar Fayyad
Ongoing source of light
Batul/Zakiyah/ Alhawrah Fatimahtuz Zahra
Who has been described as “ Allah displeasured at her anger and Allah is pleasured at the pleasure”
Hadith from Bukhari and Muslim:
“Whoever displeases Fatimah has displeased me “ Hadith Bukhari
(know that whoever displeases the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam qualifies for the wrath from Allah)
This is only a glimpse of her greatness
Her greatness is made with Nurani essence willed from eternity by Allah
She is the Master Lady of Jannah
Hadith Sahih (1) hakim narration (2) Tabarani narration
(1) The best of women of ahli Jannah
(2) The best of women of alamin
And hadith continues Khadijah binti Khuwailid, Fatimah binti Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam) . Asiyah and Maryam binti Imran
Allah gave her such a beauty!
Shaykh Ninowy divides her (alaihi salam’s) life into 3 phases
1. From birth to upbringing in the house of her father until she married Amirul mu’minin Ali
2. Living in the house of Amirul Mu’minin Ali till the passing away of Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam
3. From the passing away of Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam until her own death
Life of Azzahra with so many characteristics, alShaykh is obliged to go through even before she was born
Saydatina Khadijah Radhi Allahu anha, broke the rule and she was boycotted by the society
She was a wealthy billionaire who married someone of “low cast” i. e different social standing, orphan and poor, thus she broke ties with her own “posh” community of Quraisy.
The women of high society boycotted her
They stopped visiting her
And for a women, the neediest time is when she is pregnant, with the hormonal change /physiological/psychological change
She had no one next to her, thus ulama’ mentioned that what she used to do when she was pregnant was to talk to Saydatina Fatimah while she was in the womb. When people boycotted, Allah made provisions, to be boycotted by the creation is better than the opposite.
Narrations about her birth mentioned either 5 years before announcement of the message or 5 years after or 1 year after that. Alshaykh is inclined to the 5 years before the announcement as it is more right based on sequence of events)
Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam named her Fatimah
Fatimah means to distance/separate something from something
There are many meaning of Fatimah and perhaps another time alShaykh will be discussing this. Her name implies that she is separated from the rest of the women of her time BUT also mankind, by being the superior!
The best of Annisa AlAlamin is Fatimah binti Muhammad (alaihi salam)
She was nicknamed UMMU ABIHA by the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam.
What kind of name is that, the mother of your father- ummu in essence is source not the branch
For example in Alquran Allah uses Ummul Qura for Makkatul Mukaramah and for Luh mahfuz, allah refers as Ummul Kitab
(to be continued)
Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam had 2 sons from Saydatina Khadijah Alaihi Salam , Tahir and qasim , both who died young and from saydatina Mariah Qibtiyah Radhi Allahu anh
When his sons died, Quraisy found the opportunity to hurt Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam.
When Ibrahim died, Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam said the eyes water over you and the heart is saddened… Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi roji’un
The honourable heart of Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam that carries concerns of people, pain with each plant and animal… this was the heart that the Quraisy wanted to hurt and make it bleed.
Asr bin Wayl, not a muslim , walked to Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam and said , “You are abtar” which means cut off i.e. no offspring. Meaning you are sealed off, you have nothing left. In Arabic tradition, only males were considered offspring. That means your zikr will die when you die. No one carry name after you’d gone.
AlQuran: بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
إِنَّا أَعْطَيْنَاكَ الْكَوْثَرَ
فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ وَانْحَرْ
إِنَّ شَانِئَكَ هُوَ الْأَبْتَرُ
1. We have given you al kauthar, a lot, abundance, a lot of offspring, children
2 Therefore to thy Lord turn in Prayer and Sacrifice.
3 For he who is trying to shame you thee, he will be cut off (from Future Hope, offspring)
Now there are many men and women who claims offspring of the Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam. Al Kauthar, whatever it entails…. Allah will give you Ya Rasulullah until you are pleased.
Jabir, the narrator of Hadith, who is trustworthy, narrated
“ Every offspring of man, their name and allegiance is to the man except of Fatimah. I am their father and source and essence” This emphasis the meaning, supplementing the AlQuranic verse
Saydina Hasan and Husayn alaihi salam, Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam calls them my sons. All the hadith that Shaykh Ninowy has access to, Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam never refers them as his grandson, but as sons.
Hadith Bukhari…. Narrated Abu Bakra: I heard the Prophet talking at the pulpit while Al-hasan was sitting beside him, and he (i.e. the Prophet ) was once looking at the people and at another time Al-hasan, and saying, "This son of mine is a Saiyid (i.e. chief)….
“My sons, the Sayyidina of youth of ahlul Jannah and their father is better than them”.
Saydatina Fatimah Alaihi Salam is the source of all children… hence the title Ummu Abiha. Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam’s offspring is limited to the offspring of Saydatina Fatimah Alaihi salam.
Jahili Society , man would bury their female children. A Jahili poet had said “ Death is the best gift for female offspring, ineed an honourable thing to do”
That was the kind of society that was thriving then, that mentality.
If any man has a daughter at teen age, he would be in shame and humiliation.
Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam honoured his daughter alaihi salam to break such taboo. Female like Saydatina Fatimah alaihi salam equals the WHOLE
WORLD. Remember, the most honourable amongst you is the one with most taqwa.
From collection of Sunan abudawud
Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin: I never saw anyone more like the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) in respect of gravity, calm deportment, pleasant disposition - according to al-Hasan's version: in respect of talk and speech. Al-Hasan did not mention gravity, calm deportment, pleasant disposition - than fatimah, may Allah honour her face. When she came to visit him (the Prophet) he got up to (welcome) her, took her by the hand, kissed her and made her sit where he was sitting; and when he went to visit her, she got up to (welcome) him, took him by the hand, kissed him, and made him sit where she was sitting. (Book #41, Hadith #5198)
This is the rank of Saydatina Fatimah Alaihi salam.
The due maqam of Saydatina Fatimah alaihi salam… she lived where the malaikah/angels land, where Jibrail alaihi salam revealed wahi, where Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi salam lived, her ears wake up to the wahi, her nights was filled with tartil of Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi salam , where Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi salam’s voice was reading the alQuran. This is the household that Fatimah AzZahra was born and lived in, she grew up until puberty.
The great sahabi radhi Allahu anhum ajmain came to ask for her hand in marriage, Abu Bakar wa Umar wa Abdur Rahman
Each time Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi salam refused softly.
According to Albazaar, Saydina Abu Bakar Radhi allahu anh said to Saydatina Aishah radhi Allahu anha “ when Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi salam is pleased with you, say I mention Fatimah” (SubhanAllah look at the adab of Saydina Abu Bakar).
“ So imentioned to him, Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi salam refuse until Allah decree”
Saydina Ali came and asked , his head down not able to see Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi salam. “ Why so long Ali” “ I don’t have anything”
The status of Saydina Ali… fakir in duniya yet Ghani akhirah!
Our helpline is our deed, the amal soleh.
Anything that came to him , he would give away.
Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi salam asked “where is the shield I gave you”
This was the dowry/ mahar
Ya akhi, you daughter’s future isn’t guaranteed by money/car/position, but guaranteed by taqwa- if you have taqwa, that secures the future
No taqwa, not secure
We need to recalibrate our compass.
After the wedding Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi salam brought his daughter to the house of Saydina ali, only 1 room, 1 pillow
Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi salam reads doa for the couple to bless them
Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi salam gave her with comfort that he has done his job, as she was in the hands of someone who fears Allah
Someone who loves Allah and his rasul and Allah and Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi salam love him!
People had asked Saydatina Fatimah “ You could have been married to someone rich but he (Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi salam) married you to someone poor like Ali
Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi salam said “ ya Fatimah, By Allah I married you to someone with most knowledge, with much patience and the first to come to Islam.”
At this point we need to realize Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi salam is drawing line to Fatimah and us all to look for iman not money
Taqwa, not looks
Ahlaq and decency
If you put your daughter in the wrong bed, you may loose Allah.
Remember her father is Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi salam whose eyes are filled with Nur
“ You to me Ali is like Harun is to Musa”
Seerah before battle of Khaibar
“ I will give the flag tomorrow to someone who love Allah and His Rasul and Allah and His Rasul love him”
“ Whoever Ali is his Mawla, I am his mawla”
Life for Saydatina Fatimah is beautiful like no one can describe
Beauty in simplicity
But there was hardship in her life
Saydatina Fatimah was somone much strength, lived by the way of AlQuran realized that Sayyidina Ali was involved in daawah.
She was to him like Saydatina Khadijah Alaihi salam was to Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam
Remember how Saydatina Khadijah Alaihi salam used to be a source of comfort to Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam, when Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam returned after the first revelation and she said, “By Allah, Allah will never put you down…..”
One day Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam went to Saydatina Fatimah’s house looking for Saydina Hasan and Saydina Husayn, “ Where are my two sons?”
Saydatina Fatimah replied that when they woke up, there was nothing to eat. SubhanAllah, nothing at all.
“So Ali told me , let me take the childen with me as I am afraid they will cry out of hunger and went to the Jewish men to work for them”
Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam went to look for Saydina Ali who was working for a Jew. “ Don’t you take care of my two sons , in the heat of this desert?”
“Would you sit here until I finish my shift to get dates to bring to Fatimah?”
So while Saydina Ali collected buckets of dates, and for each bucket-full, he was paid one date. Saydina Ali collected for Saydatina Fatimah the dates and put in his clothes to bring home.
This is an average occurrence in this blessed household.
Please note that if we resource back to previous books, the title Alaihi Salam is a sign of sunnah and to be given to this blessed household.
In Sahih Bukhari, Saydatina Fatimah alaihi salam use to cursh wheat with her own hands until she had coarse hands from grinding. She heard Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam had maids to give to people and went over. She met Saydatina Aishah Radhi Allahu Anh while Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam wasn’t in and left a message of her need for a maid. Upon Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam’s return, Saydatina Aishah Radhi Alllahu Anh informed of the message.
Hadith: While me and Fatimah were sleeping, Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam came and sat between us , so much until I felt the coolness of his honourable feet between us.
Narrated 'Ali bin Abi Talib: Fatima came to the Prophet asking for a servant. He said, "May I inform you of something better than that? When you go to bed, recite "Subhan Allah' thirty three times, 'Alhamdulillah' thirty three times, and 'Allahu Akbar' thirty four times. 'All added, 'I have never failed to recite it ever since." Somebody asked, "Even on the night of the battle of siffin?" He said, "No, even on the night of the battle of siffin." (Book #64, Hadith #275)
When Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam had to leave, the last home he would stop is the house of Saydatina Fatimah
When Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam returned, the first house he would visit is her house too!
Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam sees through her face, the face of Saydatina Khadijah , full of iman and smell of Jannah.
When Sayyidina Ali enter the house he would say salam
These are amongst lessons: You have to honour your wife.
Wa alaykum salam Ya Abal Hasan
Again: Lesson: Honour due from wife to husband
Not tit for tat
Remember the better one amongst you is the one who forgives.
Acknowledge your spouse, with smelling nice, dress up for him/her
Ibn Abbas: “I dress up for my wife”
(She is someone I want to look good for just like you want her to look good for you!)
One day Sayyidina Ali commented “ What is that good smell like the smell of Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam”
Lesson: When you marry, you want to honour and respect her/his family
Sayyidina Ali had said: “ By Allah I have never upset her and I have never forced her to do anything. She has never upset me nor has she disobeyed me”
“When I use to look at her, all my worries and sadness go away immediately when I lay my eyes on her”.
Imam Hassan had narrated that “ I saw my mother on the night of Jumaah making ruku and sujud until Fajr. And she is making doa to the mu’minin/mu’minat- who she remembers by name one by one and not for herself. I told her mother , you make doa for all you know and not for yourself”
Look at the akhlaq and care!
Saydatina Fatimah Alaihi salam use to go to bed little, she was up in tahajjud most nights in worship
The home of Saydatina Fatimah , there were prayers all night and in the day
Sayyidina Hassan and Husayn used to say “ This world does not know any worshipper like Fatimah . She would pray at night until her ankle swelled”.
These people in their homes made zikr to Allah duniya akhirah
Make your home a masjid where Allah is mentioned duniya akhirah
Adopt the Fatimi Approach:
In ibadah/ in the love of Allah and Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa salam
In sacrifice to the Deen
In meeting the daily challenges
Yet GLORY THAT COMES WITH NUR!
AlQuran AlAhzab, 33:33
And stay in your houses, and do not display yourselves like that of the times of ignorance, and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and give Zakat and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah wishes only to remove Ar-Rijs (evil deeds and sins) from you, O members of the family (of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم), and to purify you with a thorough purification.
( سورة الأحزاب , Al-Ahzab, Chapter #33, Verse #33)
'A'isha reported that Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) went out one morning wearing a striped cloak of the black camel's hair that there came Hasan b. 'Ali. He wrapped him under it, then came Husain and he wrapped him under it along with the other one (Hasan). Then came Fatima and he took her under it, then came 'Ali and he also took him under it and then said: Allah only desires to take away any uncleanliness from you, O people of the household, and purify you (thorough purifying) (Book #031, Hadith #5955)
- The dars of Hadith (part of hadith 40 Imam Nawawi), Risalatul Mu'awana (book of assistance) and 77 branches of faith were given by Syeikh Abdul Aziz Ahmed, Glasgow. (May Allah bless and protect him and his family, increase their rank and closeness to Him).
Thursday, August 06, 2009
Above are the intention for studying from Imam Abdullah Al-Haddad (RahimuLlah) translated as: All praise to Allah, Lord of the Worlds. And salutations and greetings upon our master Muhammad and upon his family and companions. I intend to study and teach, take and give a reminder, take and give benefit, take and give advantage, to encourage the holding fast to the book of Allah and the way of his messenger, and calling to guidance and directing towards good hoping for the countenance of Allah and His pleasure, proximity and reward, transcendent is He. (Our thanks to www.deenport.com)