Saturday, January 15, 2011

Akhlaq

SEERAH WITH USTAZA EIMAN SIDKY (15/01/11)

On the chapter of sifat khuluquhu, Wasa’il al-Wusul ila Shama’il ar-Rasul by Sh. Yusuf an-Nabhani

- Sifat Rasul Sallallahu 'alayhi wa alihi wassalam : Innama bu'ithtu li makarimal akhlaq
- The book of Syifa Qadi 'Iyad: He read 71 books and found in all books, Rasul Sallallahu 'alayhi wa alihi wassalam is the wisest man and has the best opinion on any decisions. We can't compare the whole creations to Rasul Sallallahu 'alayhi wa alihi wasallam. All the goodness have 99 parts in Rasul Sallallahu 'alayhi wa alihi wasallam and only 1 part in creation.
- The companions changed a lot by the teaching of Rasul Sallallahu 'alayhi wa alihi wasallam for example Sayidina 'Umar RadhiyaAllahu 'anhu. He used to be the most fierce of the Quraisy that some people just avoid him but by the time he became khalifa, he was the gentlest person. He used to worry about everything in the community including sheeps and goats. Once, when he was patrolling Madina, he heard some children crying and a voice of a woman saying 'Allah! Allah!'. Sayidina Umar went to ask her what was wrong and she replied that she was cooking stone in a pot as they have absolutely nothing to eat. Sayidina Umar immediately went to Baitul Mal and took food, butter and honey and brought it back to their house. His servant saw him and asked to carry things for him as it was a very cold night and the weight of the things was heavy. He refused saying that the servant will not be carrying his sins on the Day of Judgement. The lady was so happy and she said that this man should be their Khalifa and not 'Umar. Sayidina 'Umar RadhiyaAllahu 'anhu cooked the food himself and feed the kids. He wanted to see them smiling as he already heard them crying. He said to the lady to come tomorrow and he will speak to 'Umar about her condition. On the next day, she was shocked to find that the man was Sayidina 'Umar himself. Sayidina 'Umar RadhiyaAllahu 'anhu has prepared a letter for her to sign agreeing that she has forgiven 'Umar. He gave some money to the lady as an exchange to the signature and he said to Sayidina 'Ali KaramaAllahu wajha that this is the proof that she has forgiven me. He was so afraid of the Day of Judgement that he said 'if Allah asked me about the ocean, what will I tell Him?'
- Sayidina Abu Bakar RadhiyaAllahu 'anhu read Basmala and cried. We can see how much Rasul 'alayhi salatu wasallam affected his friends, even their words changed, in the presence of Rasul Sallallahu 'alayhi wa alihi wasallam, no one shouts because of the love in their heart towards Rasul Sallallahu 'alayhi wa alihi wasallam.

- Someone visited Sayidatina 'A'eesyah RadhiyaAllahu 'anha and asked about akhlaq Rasul Sallallahu 'alayhi wa alihi wasallam. She asked 'Don't you read Qur'an?' 'Bala''Kana Khuluquhu Qr'an' (His behaviour is the Qur'an) ~ One word means a lot.

- When Rasul sallallahu 'alayhi wa alihi wasallam's mother died, the angles cried but Allah said 'you don't know what I am preparing for him'. (Allah taught him Al-Qur'an - 'ataadabani Rabbi, fa ahsana ta'dibi'

- Ustaza gave us some revisions to do: Find out these verses and find out what it meant and asbaban nuzul (the reason for it's revelation) and try to practise it:
1) Surah Al-A'raf 7:199
خُذِ الْعَفْوَ وَأْمُرْ بِالْعُرْفِ وَأَعْرِضْ عَنِ الْجَاهِلِينَ
(Asad) MAKE due allowance for man's nature, and enjoin the doing of what is right; and leave alone all those who choose to remain ignorant.


2) An-Nahl 16:90
إِنَّ اللّهَ يَأْمُرُ بِالْعَدْلِ وَالإِحْسَانِ وَإِيتَاء ذِي الْقُرْبَى وَيَنْهَى عَنِ الْفَحْشَاء وَالْمُنكَرِ وَالْبَغْيِ يَعِظُكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ
(Asad) BEHOLD, God enjoins justice, and the doing of good, and generosity towards [one's] fellow-men; and He forbids all that is shameful and all that runs counter to reason, as well as envy; [and] He exhorts you [repeatedly] so that you might bear [all this] in mind
( ya'muroo - order to be 'adl wal ihsaan - give extra eg maid extra £300)

3) Luqman 31:17
ا بُنَيَّ أَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ وَأْمُرْ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَانْهَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَاصْبِرْ عَلَى مَا أَصَابَكَ إِنَّ ذَلِكَ مِنْ عَزْمِ الْأُمُورِ
(Asad) “O my dear son! Be constant in prayer, and enjoin the doing of what is right and forbid the doing of what is wrong, and bear in patience whatever [ill] may befall thee: this, behold, is something to set one’s heart upon!

4) Ash-Shura 42:43
وَلَمَن صَبَرَ وَغَفَرَ إِنَّ ذَلِكَ لَمِنْ عَزْمِ الْأُمُورِ
(Asad) But withal, if one is patient in adversity and forgives - this, behold, is indeed something to set one’s heart upon!

5) Al-Ma'idah 5:13
فَبِمَا نَقْضِهِم مِّيثَاقَهُمْ لَعنَّاهُمْ وَجَعَلْنَا قُلُوبَهُمْ قَاسِيَةً يُحَرِّفُونَ الْكَلِمَ عَن مَّوَاضِعِهِ وَنَسُواْ حَظًّا مِّمَّا ذُكِّرُواْ بِهِ وَلاَ تَزَالُ تَطَّلِعُ عَلَىَ خَآئِنَةٍ مِّنْهُمْ إِلاَّ قَلِيلاً مِّنْهُمُ فَاعْفُ عَنْهُمْ وَاصْفَحْ إِنَّ اللّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ
(Asad) Then, for having broken their solemn pledge, We rejected them and caused their hearts to harden-[so that now] they distort the meaning of the [re-vealed] words, taking them out of their context; and they have forgotten much of what they had been told to bear in mind; and from all but a few of them thou wilt always experience treachery. But pardon them, and forbear: verily, God loves the doers of good.

6) Al-Hujurat 49:12
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اجْتَنِبُوا كَثِيرًا مِّنَ الظَّنِّ إِنَّ بَعْضَ الظَّنِّ إِثْمٌ وَلَا تَجَسَّسُوا وَلَا يَغْتَب بَّعْضُكُم بَعْضًا أَيُحِبُّ أَحَدُكُمْ أَن يَأْكُلَ لَحْمَ أَخِيهِ مَيْتًا فَكَرِهْتُمُوهُ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَوَّابٌ رَّحِيمٌ
(Asad) O you who have attained to faith! Avoid most guesswork [about one another] for, behold, some of [such] guesswork is [in itself] a sin; and do not spy upon one another, and neither allow your­selves to speak ill of one another behind your backs. Would any of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? Nay, you would loathe it! And be conscious of God. Verily, God is an accep­tor of repentance, a dispenser of grace!

In every Surah in the Qur'an, we can find that Allah is teaching us.
Allah teaches Rasul Sallallahu 'alayhi wa alihi wasallam through the Qur'an, from him Sallallahu 'alayhi wa alihi wasallam it spreads to everyone. We have to check ourselves, which type are we in?

When a group of people travelled a long way to give bai'ah to Rasul Sallallahu 'alayhi wa alihi wasallam through the dessert, they came straight to meet Rasul Sallallahu 'alayhi wa alihi wasallam. A man called Siwan, cleaned his horse and fed it, take a ghusl, put on a nice perfume and change to a new clothe, prayed 2 rak'at and then came to Rasul Sallahu 'alayhi wa alihi wasallam. Rasul Sallalllahu 'alayhi wa alihi wasallam smiled (meant he's happy -redha with the man) and said 'you have two things that Allah and Rasul loved: al-hilm and ana'' (Al-Hilm: Halim is the name of Allah; even when we make sins, Allah didn't punish us straightaway. Halim means patience and do not take revenge quickly) (Ana': opposite of doing something fast; he did things with ihsan).
The man asked 'Ya Rasul, did I work hard to have these things or was I born like that?'. 'No, Allah give you as a gift.'
We have to find our good traits and thank Allah for that.

Muadzh bin Jabbal RadhiyaAllahu 'anh 'Allah surrounded Islam with great behaviours and good deeds.' According to Imam Al-Ghazali RahmatuLlahi 'alayh, good behaviours consist of:
1) Husnul mu'asyara: good companionship. When we live with someone, how we deal with them. Did we prefer them over ourselves? Rasul Sallallahu 'alayhi wa alihi wasallam had two miswak, one is crooked and one is straight. He gave the straight one to the person travelling with him. Sallallahu 'alayhi wa alihi wasallam.
2) How generous you are - kareema. Allah is Al-Karim. In the Day of Judgement, He hide the sins for you and grants you jannah. If it's according to us, we will not go to janna.
3) Gentleness, soft, not tough, no harsh language - liinil janib
4) Badlul Ma'roof: try to give; deal with ma'aruf and the best of way. We give as much as we can.
5) It'amul ta'am: feeding the hungry. Some poor people in Egypt brought bread to Masjid on Friday to give to others.
6) Ifsya'ee salaam: level of ihsan on giving salam.
7) Visit someone sick: make du'a and leave (birran aw fajiran : those who do good or a sinful person)
8) walk with janaza of a muslim, for men. Sayidatina Aisya RadhiyaAllahu 'anha said that the reward is bigger than Mountain of Uhud.
9) Husn jarr : good neighbour to muslim and non-muslim
10) respect syaiba (white-haired) of muslim. Take her hand to cross the road and treat them nicely
11) Ijaba da'watu ta'am wa du'a alayh - respond to invitation for food and pray for the host. Once, a man came to Rasul sallallahu 'alayhi wa alihi wasallam and invited him for food, and Rasul Sallallahu 'alayhi wa alihi wasallam said 'how about her?' (pointing at Sayidatina A'eesya) The man said no, so Rasul Sallallahu 'alayhi wa alihi wasallam said no. (Some scholars said, there was no food in his house at that time). On the next day, the man invited Rasul Sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam again and he said no again after the man did not want to invite Sayidatina A'eesya. On the third day, the man invited again, and when Rasul Sallallahu 'alayhi wa alihi wasallam asked 'wa hazizhi? (And her?)' and the man said yes. Rasul Sallallahu 'alayhi wa alihi wasallam walked shoulder to shoulder with Sayidatina A'eesya out of the door.
12) Al-Afwu: forgive. Sayidina Yusuf Alayhi Salam forgave his brothers after all that they did to him. La thariba; never mind. Forgive when you have the chance to punish is a great behaviour. 'Ya Rabb, Ana samihtu man azaani.' The man who said this will enter Paradise. If we want Allah to forgive us in the Day of Judgement, we should forgive others.
13) Islah bayna nas - fixing relationship. Rasul Salllallahu 'alahi wa alihi wasallam was once walking and his face looked so sad. He went to Sayidina Ali and Sayidatina Fatimah's house (RadhiyaAllahu 'anhuma) and stayed for a long time. When he came out from the house, his face was happy and smiling. A companion asked him why did he looked so sad when you step inside the house and now you were happy. He said that there was a problem between them and now he solved it. On another occasion, Sayidina Abu Bakar RadhiyaAllahu 'anhu went to Rasul sallallahu 'alayhi wa alihi wassalam and said 'there is something between me and Umar'. Sayidina Umar RadhiyaAllahu 'anhu looked at Rasul Sallallahu 'alayhi wa alihi wassalam's face and said immediately 'Ya Rasul, forgive me.' Rasul Sallallahu 'alayhi wa alihi wasallam said 'why did you do this to my friend?' Sayidina Abu Bakar RadhiyaAllahu 'anhu immediately sad 'It's not Umar, it's me'.
14) Al-jood: more than karam; always giving - Rasul sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam was jood in Ramadhan.
15) Karam

1 comment:

Anonymous said...

very good!

Above are the intention for studying from Imam Abdullah Al-Haddad (RahimuLlah) translated as: All praise to Allah, Lord of the Worlds. And salutations and greetings upon our master Muhammad and upon his family and companions. I intend to study and teach, take and give a reminder, take and give benefit, take and give advantage, to encourage the holding fast to the book of Allah and the way of his messenger, and calling to guidance and directing towards good hoping for the countenance of Allah and His pleasure, proximity and reward, transcendent is He. (Our thanks to www.deenport.com)

notes:


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- All the notes were just our own paraphrasing while listening to the dars. Any mistakes are ours and please forgive us for that.
-Last but not least, please make du'a for us, for our dunya wal akhirat.