Saturday, October 01, 2005

Hadith 15


Hadith 15

Kareem = the best grapes, juiciest; bow down.
= dignity, honour, giving without we deserving it; overlook the fault of others
Allah is Al-Kareem

An-Nisa 36
4:36 AND WORSHIP God [alone], and do not ascribe divinity, in any way, to aught beside Him. And do good unto your parents, and near of kin, and unto orphans, and the needy, and the neighbour from among your own people, and the neighbour who is a stranger, and the friend by your side, and the wayfarer, and those whom you rightfully possess. Verily, God does not love any of those who, full of self-conceit, act in a boastful manner.
- worship Allah and then immediately to parents
- 5 types of relationship:
1) parents
2) those who are weak:
o weakness of body: yatama (orphans)
o weakness because of situation: masakin
3) those who are close by
a. blood
b. association – neighbours and companion by your side = wife, traveling by your side or those stays with you to get benefit from you
4) no connection : ibnu sabil
5) those who are possessed – slave.

Neighbours:
RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam was asked” “Who is a neighbour?” He answered: “Your neighbours are forty houses ahead of you and forty houses to your back, and forty houses to your right and forty houses to your left.”
Neighbours can be categorised into 3 categories: 1) closest by door and connection 2) muslim 3) non-muslim
- duty towards neighbour: kareem. Must be katful aza ie not harming them and ihsan towards them.
- A hadith ‘Whoever harms his neighbours has harm me and whoever harm me has harm Allah’.
- Another hadith ‘Excel your relationship with your neighbour, and you’ll be excel.’
- Kaful aza encompass do not throwing rubbish, parking straight, cutting your own lawn and not playing loud music.
- Ihsan – make sure they are okey, cut their lawn ie to show generousity, to smile at them and visit when they are sick.
- There was an early scholar who had mice in his house. His wife suggested that they buy a cat but the scholar didn’t want to as he said the mice will run to his neighbour’s house and he was afraid that Allah will raised him as those who cause harm to their neighbours.
- Somebody came to visit RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam and he went to Sayidatina A’isyah to ask wether they have food in the house. They have no food and he went to every wive’s house and they have no food. RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam went to the masjid and asked ‘who’ll look after the guest of rasululLlah?’ Some of the companions lowered their gaze as they have nothing. One companion stood up and he said he want to check first. He went back home and they put their children to sleep. When the visitor came to them, they blew out the candle and pretend that they were eating and gave all the food to the visitors. Allah revealed in the Qur’an “.. they preferred others over themselves even though they have nothing..” (59:9). This is IHSAN
- Our responsibility towards neighbour:
o If they sick visit them
o If they die, follow their janazah
o If they want loan, give
o If they have difficulty, hide their secret
o If they rejoice, be happy with them
o If something bad happened, give ta’ziya
o Don’t built house that will stop wind to their house
o If you buy fruits, give it as a gift
o If you burn fire, make sure that the smoke does not reach them

Guest
- guest is one night as said by Imam Ahmad according to the hadith “Abu Shurayh Khuwaylid ibn 'Amr al-Khuza'i said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day should honour his guest as his due.' They said, 'What is his due, Messenger of Allah?' He said, 'A day and a night. Hospitality is for three days, and what is beyond that is charity.'" [Agreed upon]
- no right except traveller
- RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam cooked for visitors, sit with them, put food in their mouth.

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Above are the intention for studying from Imam Abdullah Al-Haddad (RahimuLlah) translated as: All praise to Allah, Lord of the Worlds. And salutations and greetings upon our master Muhammad and upon his family and companions. I intend to study and teach, take and give a reminder, take and give benefit, take and give advantage, to encourage the holding fast to the book of Allah and the way of his messenger, and calling to guidance and directing towards good hoping for the countenance of Allah and His pleasure, proximity and reward, transcendent is He. (Our thanks to www.deenport.com)

notes:


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- All the notes were just our own paraphrasing while listening to the dars. Any mistakes are ours and please forgive us for that.
-Last but not least, please make du'a for us, for our dunya wal akhirat.