Saturday, February 17, 2007

Chapter 23 (On Social Duties)

“Ala kullukum ra’i, wa kullukum mas’ulun ‘an ra’iyatihi”

Adl means deal justly with balance and go beyond

“Inna sam’a wal basara wal fu’ada kullu ulaika kana ‘anhu mas’ula”
- Ulaika: used for people; they will come on their own appearance and speak.
- the tartib (order) of these things are according to its danger ie hearing are more dangerous than eyesight.

- A hadith from Tabrani sahih about ruler

- Another hadith from Abu dawud ‘whoever have responsibility for more than 10 people, his hand will be tied to his neck. If he’s adil, the hand will be released.’

- A wali is wuqf (stopped) in the bridge of jahannam, if he was ihsan he will be released. If he was corrupt, he will stay in jahannam for 70 years.

-Nabi SallaLlahu Alayhi wa alihi Wassalam make a du’a ‘whoever take the responsibility of my nation fasyaqa ‘alaihim syiqaq ie give heaviness and make difficult for him whoever make it difficult for them, and whoever make it easy for my ummah, make it easy for them.

- [wa ‘alaika bil adl] Al-adl from asma’ul husna (all the Name is asma’ul husna is adjective except for 3: al-hakm, al-haqq, al-adl)

- RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam asked us to prepare for the answer of questions. ‘wa ma jawabuha (and what is the answer?)’ he said ‘amalul bir (good deeds).
If we’re not prepared with answer, the limb will answer for us.

-Hadith: InnalLahu ja’alani abdan kariman wa lam ja’alani jabbaran anidan.
RasululLah SallaLlahu alaihi wa alihi wassalam never raise his voice in anger or his hands. The only person he killed was Ubayy bin Khalaf who said that RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wassalam have killed him just by a scratch on his neck in a battle-field. He died after a few days.
The story of Thamamh ibn Asar (RadhiyaAllahu 'anh) who have been captured in a battlefield. He was tied to one of the pole in Masjidun Nabi. Every morning RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam send him milk that he milked with his own blessed hands for him to drink and everyday they asked him to become a muslim in which he answered ‘la hajatan li (I do not have a need for it)’. On the third day, RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam instructed him to be released and he walked out, washed himself and came back to RasululLah SallaLlahu alayhi wa alihi wassalam declaring his submission.


- 7 organs that will be question: tongue, hearings, eyesight, stomach, private part, hands and feet.

Responsibility of parents
- finding good parent for them: not khudratu dimam ie beautiful but grew in manure
- good name: ‘min haqqil walad ‘ala walid an.. to give him good adaab and good names’.
- ta’dib = putting something at its place; comes from the word adaab: placing things in correct position in a feast; literature = formulated correctly.
ie have to teach them how to deal with things. One way is through riyada (Arabic = math or PE or it means getting into excellent through practice)
- ‘aqiqah; ‘every child is ransom by his aqiqah and his head being shaved’.
- education: teach fiqh and aqeedah in their childhood and right after they become adult.
- love: play and kiss
- to be fair with them: It is zulm to kiss one child and not the other.
- provisions and shelter for them
- make du’a for them

Hadith dhaif: ‘rihul walidu min rihil jannah (smell of child is smell from jannah).’ This refer to S. Hassan (RadhiyaAllahu 'anh) in particular and for all children in general.

“Inni ja’ilun fil ardi khalifah”
Khalifah = vicegerent; mulukul majazi ie representative majazi is metaphorical dominion

‘innalLaha ja’alani abdan kariiman wa lam yaj’alni jabbaran anidan’

‘khiyarukum awtafu bi ahlihi wa ahsanukum khuluquhu’
-being generous with ahli is one the test of good character eg there’s a sheikh who have bread from Sayidatina Fatima’s (radhiyaAllahu 'anha) time. His job is to distribute the bread – they took a bit of the bread, mix it into new dough and make a new loaf of bread from it. He had a bad wife and people always wondered why didn’t he took someone else as his wife. One day, one of his student get the courage to ask him about his wife and he answered saying that he had his maqam now because of his patience with his wife.

-[wa minl ‘uquq (p 132)]
Al-‘uquq came from the word ‘aaqa which means undutiful, impious or faithless
= blocked; mana’a = prevent
= akhara = delay.
‘aq ~ cutting his parents eg if a mother like something, it is obligatory for the son to fulfill it.

- [taqtibul wujh]
= eyebrows together

-Hadith from at-tabrani about obeying parents.. which includes putting izar below ankle. When the hadith was related to S Abu Bakr RadhiyaAllahu 'anh, he was worried because he was so thin that he can’t keep his izar above his ankle. But the meaning is actually about not having kibr (arrogance) in your heart.
Do not smell jannah for 500 years in hadith sahih, and 1000 years with isnad dhaif.
- Hadith:
1. men in authority who goes to bed at night and tricked his ra’yat, he will not smell the smell of jannah
2. man qatala rajulan min ahlil zimmah: who killed jews / Christians whom we have treatise with, he will not smell the smell of jannah, and the smell can be smell at 70 years.
3. La tas’al mar’a zawjaha.. there’s no woman who asked for divorce without reason except that she won’t smell jannah.

Bir walidayn:
- listen to them
- standing when they stand
- never walk in front of them
- never raise your voice with them
- answer their call with ‘labaik’
- seeking and taking care to make them happy
- lower ones wing ie show gentleness
- not look at them with frown or anger.

-A man came to Abu Darda’ RadiyaAllahu 'anh and said ‘I heard RasululLah SallaLlahu 'alayhi wa alihi wassalam said the mother is the widest door to jannah, if you wish preserve it, if you wish leave it.’

-The abrar is those who show goodness to his parents and children.

No comments:

Above are the intention for studying from Imam Abdullah Al-Haddad (RahimuLlah) translated as: All praise to Allah, Lord of the Worlds. And salutations and greetings upon our master Muhammad and upon his family and companions. I intend to study and teach, take and give a reminder, take and give benefit, take and give advantage, to encourage the holding fast to the book of Allah and the way of his messenger, and calling to guidance and directing towards good hoping for the countenance of Allah and His pleasure, proximity and reward, transcendent is He. (Our thanks to


-You can search the blog by clicking on the top left corner of the page.
- All the notes were just our own paraphrasing while listening to the dars. Any mistakes are ours and please forgive us for that.
-Last but not least, please make du'a for us, for our dunya wal akhirat.